the single error/exception type

class error : public std::runtime_error {
        error(const std::string& str): std::runtime_error("lua: error: " + str) {}


Please do not throw this error type yourself. It belongs to the library and we do some information appending at the front.

If an eror is thrown by Sol, it is going to be of this type. We use this in a single place: the default at_panic function we bind on construction of a sol::state. If you turn off exceptions, the chances of you seeing this error are nil unless you specifically use it to pull errors out of things such as sol::protected_function.

As it derives from std::runtime_error, which derives from std::exception, you can catch it with a catch (const std::exception& ) clause in your try/catch blocks. You can retrieve a string error from Lua (Lua pushes all its errors as string returns) by using this type with any of the get or lookup functions in Sol.